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Public Keynote Lecture by Marie-Claire Lavabre on The Politics of Memory

Please join us for a Public Keynote Lecture on
The Politics of Memory, by Marie-Claire Lavabre, Director of Research at Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Paris.

When: 5-7pm, Friday 26th January 2018
Where: Commons CM.107, Newton Park Campus, Bath Spa University, BA2 9BN, UK.

Marie-Claire Lavabre is a well-known Professor of Sociology specialising in public memory and the politics of the past, who has authored books concerning political uses of the past in contemporary France (2017), Europe and its representations of the past (2008), the sociology of Communist memory (2004) and the social movement politics of 1968 (1998).



Professor Lavabre will be joined by Dr Alison Hems, Senior Lecturer in Heritage and Public History at Bath Spa University, who will act as discussant for Professor Lavabre’s talk. We will close with an open Q&A, followed by wine and nibbles.

This public keynote lecture is organised as part of the Arts and Humanities Research Council (Care for the Future) and LABEX-PasP project Disrupted Histories, Recovered Pasts / Histories Perturbées, Passés Retrouvés, coordinated at Bath Spa University by Sian Sullivan, Professor of Environment and Culture.

Please register attendance at the lecture here.

‘Our hearts were happy here’ – recollecting acts of dwelling and acts of clearance through oral histories in west Namibia

Desert-adapted Black rhino, Diceros bicornis (photo: Sian Sullivan, 251115)

By Sian Sullivan

It was when doing field research for my PhD in the mid-1990s that I first learned of local histories embedded in the broader landscape around the settlement of Sesfontein / !Nani|aus, north-west Namibia. This is an area known today for its spectacular landscapes and desert-adapted black rhino and elephant. It is a sought after tourism destination now catered for by luxury eco-lodges linked to locally-run conservancies. But I have come to learn that the landscapes described as ‘wilderness’ in tourism brochures advertising the area are also full of the traces of former dwelling places and the graves of known ancestors. And that people alive today were amongst those who lived at these places and who remember what they were like in times past.

Map showing the boundaries of current tourism concessions with surrounding communal area conservancies and state protected areas in southern Kunene Region, west Namibia (created by Jeff Muntifering, 050316).

I started recording oral histories in the area in 1999. I borrowed an old cassette recorder from the School of Oriental and African Studies in London where I was then working, and recorded some 885 minutes of oral history interviews with Damara / ≠Nūkhoen[1] individuals known to me through my PhD research. These individuals lived throughout the former Namibian ‘homeland’ of ‘Damaraland’: in Sesfontein / !Nani|aus; on redistributed former Afrikaans settler farms near the Aba-||Huab river; and in settlements along the !U≠gāb river.

Map showing the boundary of the former ‘homeland’ of ‘Damaraland’ establised in 1970 on the recommendations of the Odendaal Commission in 1964, in relation to Namibia’s post-independence administrative regions (inset).

‘I was born in Sixori in Hurubes’
The first of these interviews, on 15th April 1999, was with the grandmother of Suro Ganuses, a ≠Nūkhoen woman from Sesfontein who in 1994 had become my companion and translator whilst carrying out ethnographic field research for my PhD. Suro’s grandmother, Philippine |Hairo ||Nowaxas, pictured here in 1999 outside her home in Sesfontein, opened her narrative by saying,

Philippine |Hairo ||Nowaxas in Sesfontein / !Nani|aus (photo: Sian Sullivan, 150499)
I was born at Sixori in Hurubes.
She goes on to say,
We moved around and moved around. My father was really from this place [!Nani|aus] and my mother was from Hurubes, really she’s from Hurubes; she’s ||Khao-a Damara.
And she begins to list various places saying,
This is Sixori, this is Tsaugugam, this is Oronguari, this is the home of Xoms, here is the field [!garob]. I move to and sleep at the places where the rain falls, because the food is there.
I have now studied multiple maps from the German colonial rule of Namibia that started formally in 1884, until the present time. None of these named places and land areas appear on any printed map I have seen of the area. It is as if these personal histories and experiences simply do not exist in formal representations of the territory. But they are known and spoken about locally. They linger in the memories of now elderly people dwelling in settlements to which they became constrained after they were cleared from this dry and mountainous corner of west Namibia.

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